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A BRIEF HISTORY OF LEGAL EDUCATION IN NEPAL

Traditional legal education which was imparted through Shrestha Pathshala was not sufficient to meet the needs of the time. The political changes of 1950 caused restructuring in every field of social sector. Nepal Law College (present Nepal Law Campus - NLC) was established in 1954 to produce necessary human resource in legal sector as per the need of the country. In 1971, National Education System Plan was implemented with the objectives of producing necessary, competent human resources of different levels in different areas to meet the country’s needs and requirements. It significantly made a great breakthrough in the legal education system. In 1972, the Institute of Law introduced a two year Certificate Level (CL) programme and a three year Diploma in Law (D.L.) programme. In 1980-1986, Tribhuvan University underwent a massive change. Consequently, the Institute of Law was renamed as the Faculty of Law. A two year Certificate Level (CL) programme and a three year Diploma in Law programme were renamed as Proficiency Certificate in Law (PCL) programme and Bachelor’s Degree in Law (B.L.) programme respectively.
In 1996, Tribhuvan University, Faculty of Law, introduced after graduation a three year Bachelor of Laws (LL.B.) programme. The Proficiency Certificate in Law programme was phased out in 1995. A three year Bachelor’s Degree in Law (B.L.) programme was replaced by LL.B. programme.
In 1996, Tribhuvan University, Faculty of Law, introduced a two year Master of Laws (LL.M.) programme. The course of LL.M. programme is designed for those who seeks higher qualification in Law. The need for this programme is important for achieving the goal of legal excellence backed by a body of highly trained jurists, scholars and lawyers of national standing as well as of international status in Nepal. This course is designed to enrich law students with firm grounding in Nepal's legal traditions, research and recent development in the field of law.
In 2010, Tribhuvan University, Faculty of Law, has introduced a five year Bachelor of Arts Bachelor of Laws (B.A.LL.B.) Programme for making legal education more practical and compatible to meet needs of changed national and international context. The course basically aims to enrich law students with comprehensive theoretical and practical knowledge in indigenous as well as foreign legal traditions, lawyering skills, and research to meet the challenges of the age. This programme has come into effect from the same year in Nepal Law Campus.
Tribhuvan University, Faculty of Law, revises the courses of these programmes as per the requirements of the time.